There are many potential solutions to preventing and remediation soil erosion, some of which will be explored by the RECARE project in three of the case studies Frienisberg, SwitzerlandCaramulo, Portugal; and Peristerona, Cyprus.

Solutions to soil erosion by water investigated in RECARE are:

Small dams between ploughing furrows

In Switzerland the RECARE researchers are testing the effectivness of reducing soil erosion using small dams between ploughing furrows in potato fields.

Dams1 Dams3
Dams2 Dams4

Post-fire mulching

Burnt areas can reveal some extreme responses in runoff generation and associated sediment losses. Such responses exacerbate the direct effects of fire on vegetation and on the soil physical, chemical and biological properties, compromising their recovery from heat-induced changes. Post-fire soil erosion also represents a serious threat to off-site "values-at-risk", through flood generation and transfer of sediments, organic matter, nutrients and pollutants to downstream water bodies. Recent field trials in the Portugese case study area have clearly demonstrated that mulching with forest logging residues (widely available in the region) is highly effective in reducing erosion in recently burnt areas.

 

Postfire Mulching

Agricultural terraces

The creation of agricultural terraces on steep terrain provides an effective solution to preventing soil erosion.                    Agri Terraces

Other potential solution to soil erosion include:

No-till

No-till farming (also called zero tillage or direct drilling) is a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage.

Some useful links:

Information on different tillage practices from Baltic Deal project

UK case study of farm using no-till

UK case study of farm using min-till

Video of spade tests showing difference in soil structures between ploughed and no-till soils (DE, FR, EN)

 No-till