There are many potential solutions to preventing and remediation salinization, some of which will be explored by the RECARE project in one of the case studies Timbaki, Crete, Greece

The remediation of salinization can be a time consuming and expensive process.  Solutions will vary depending on the extent of the problem, the local geology and the intended use of water.  Potential solutions include:

  • Continuing with existing management: managing the land in its current state.

  • Considering alternative land uses: changing from cropping to pasture or trees, changing the grazing regime, and modifying existing irrigation practices.

  • Selecting suitable vegetation species for planting in specific areas: establishing salt-tolerant pasture grass species and fodder shrubs in salt-affected areas, growing deep-rooted perennials, considering alternative crops, and planting trees to intercept water in transmission areas or to use water in recharge areas.

  • Retaining native vegetation: allowing native forest or perennial vegetation to revegetate naturally in recharge or discharge areas, and limiting future clearing of native vegetation on recharge areas.

  • Implementing engineering options: installing drains or pumps to dewater areas with high watertables, using drainage systems to disperse water flow away from discharge areas, intercepting water in the transmission area by draining or pumping, and using intercepted water of suitable quality to irrigate crops or water stock.